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Colon cancer is the second most common cancer killer overall and third most common cause of cancer-related death in the United States. Each year there will be 153,000 new cases and 52,000 deaths from colon cancer. It affects men and women equally.
However, the risk of developing colon cancer can be markedly reduced by undergoing screening colonoscopy. Fortunately, the vast majority of colon cancers begin as small benign polyps that over time grown and become cancerous. These benign polyps can be detected during colonoscopy and removed, thereby preventing them from ever progressing onto cancer.
The current recommendations for colon cancer screening are as follows: